Senior Adviser Managing Directors Office The World Bank The World Bank, Washington D.C. USA (2003-2005)
The World Bank: Other Senior Positions (29 Years of Experience)
Director and Special Representative To The United Nations New York and Geneva (1996-2003)
Director Green Team, Environmental Department. Principal Environmental Economist (1983- 1996)
Principal Economist Agriculture, The West Africa Region (1983-1987)
Principal Evaluation Officer, Operations Evaluations Department (1977-1983)
Major Areas of Experience
Human Rights and Economic Development. Named the Institutional Focal Point on human rights at the World Bank. Principal spokes-person at the UN and WTO and other international forums, including civil society organizations. Prepared large number of papers/statements on civil and political rights, economic and social rights and the right to development.
Mainstreaming Sustainable Development Into Macro-Economics and Global Policy Led missions and tasks to design and implement sustainable development programs. Given training on conceptual and practical aspects of sustainability, including sectoral and resource based issues (e.g., forestry, water, soil and biodiversity). Worked in the preparation of country strategies and national environmental action plans at the macro and local levels. Assisted developing countries in the implementing of environmental programs and in integration into macroeconomics planning, public investment and expenditure reviews, sectoral policies and programs, and regional strategies.
Environment, Sustainability and Poverty Eradication Involved in operations and evaluation of progress made with regard to poverty eradication and sustainable development. Integrated growth, sustainability and poverty through the theory of capital accumulation and its translation into the design of forestry and land management programs. Drafted and led implementation of policy positions in fisheries development, water conservation and management, pricing natural resources, and compensation of displaced populations.
Operational Experience: Project/Program Related Participated and led mission in agriculture, structural adjustment public expenditure reviews environmental conservation and natural resources management. Special emphasis on forestry, irrigation development, soil conservation and land management, desertification and biodiversity. Added emphasis on institutions, social structures, equity and long term impacts. Written books/reports on the economic analysis of natural resources and conservation strategies. Provided training and prepared training materials on natural resources management and environmental policies. Given training policy makers in developing countries, including legislators and justice people, journalists, etc. Training given at the community level.
Evaluation and Assessment of Sustainable Development, Environmental/Economic Impacts Led two major macroeconomic studies –Nepal and Bolivia–on the long-term impacts of macroeconomic policies and investment programs into natural resources management. Included review of multilateral assistant programs during a period of 25-30 years of development interventions. Emphasis on the role of human, cultural and institutional capital.
Management and Implementation Held many management positions, including tasks essential for development implementation. Participated in many supervision and evaluation missions including social, environmental and economic issues and constraints. Organized retreats, seminars, committees and task forces, and leader on International Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development. Organized professional staff retreats on technical, organizational and institutional dimensions linked to the environment and natural resources.
Spiritual Economics, Business and Entrepreneurship, Human Values in Economics, Finance, and Sustainable Development Involved in developing a new paradigm based on the non-material and spiritual dimensions of economic and social development. Assisted in the organization of a world meeting on Ethics, Moral and Spiritual values for Sustainable Development. Given many seminars on the relationship between spiritually and economic development, including indigenous peoples knowledge. Published several articles and made numerous public statements. Involved also on issues of business, entrepreneurship and spirituality. Provided elements needed to enliven the soul of businesses.
Other Areas of Expertise
Macroeconomics: Monetary, Fiscal and Trade Policies Trained in economics with particular emphasis on macro policies. Worked at Central Bank of Chile leading on questions of savings and interest rate policies. Prepared a dissertation on Credit Concentration in the Private Sector. Researched on international trade and finance, with emphasis on trade of primary commodities (non-renewable resources) and impacts on developing countries. Prepared a paper on potential retaliation from trade practices in copper, tin and bauxite. Trained as an agricultural economist with strong background on economic evaluation and assessment, benefit cost analysis, policy formulation and analysis and institutional development. Emphasized institutional economics matters, including role of the public sector and civil society.
Innovative Forms of Financing Environmentally Sustainable Development Organized a world conference on innovative forms of financing for sustainable development. Prepared and disseminated a number of proceedings on matters related to financing.
Institutional, Human and Social Development Interested and actively sought to mainstream institutional and social dimensions of sustainable development into macro-economic planning, policy formulation and implementation. Of particular interest: development of environmental institutions (including socio-economic research) at the national and regional levels; role of indigenous communities in sustainability and knowledge; cultural aspects of the development process; and issues related to governance.
Indigenous Knowledge, Poverty Eradication and Sustainable Development Improved understanding of the role that indigenous people and their knowledge play in sustainability. Increasingly involved in learning about the holistic views of the Mapuche, Maya, Cuna and Lakota peoples.
Summary of Work Experience
1976 – 2005 The World Bank
April 2003 to 2005 Senior Adviser on Human Rights to the Managing Director
Nov 1999 to March 2003 Special Representative to the United Nations and the World Trade Organization. Geneva Office
Sep 1996 – Nov 1999 Special Representative to the United Nations – New York Office
Mar 1993 – Sep 1996 Principal Natural Resource Economist. Environmental department and Leader of the Green Team of the World Bank
Sep 1987 – Mar 1993 Principal Evaluation Officer and Director of the Annual review of Evaluations. Operations Evaluation department
Jan 1983 – Sep 1987 Principal Economist of the West Africa Agricultural Division (Senegal, Mali, Niger, Burkina-Faso, Mauritania, Chad and Gambia
Mar 1977 – Jan 1983 Senior Natural Resource Economist and Senior Economist of The Agricultural Department. Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Management
May 1976 – Mar 1977 Young Professionals Program. First Assignment in South Asia Agriculture Development Division. Second Assignment in the Urban and Regional Economics Department of the Development Research center
Oct – Dec 1990 Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) – on secondment from the World Bank
1974 – 1976 University of Wisconsin. Research Assistantship
1968 – 1972 Others
Central Bank of Chile. Economist
University of Chile. Assistant Professor
Catholic University. Visiting Professor.
Catholic University of Valparaiso.
Professor and Elected Chairman Of Budget
Management and Leadership Positions
Chief, United Nations Unit. External Affairs. The World Bank
Acting and Deputy Division Chief. Many assignments. The World Bank
Director. World Conference on Environmentally Sustainable Development. The World Bank
Chair in a number of committees at The World Bank
Vice President. Graduate Students. Agricultural Economics. University of Wisconsin
Elected Regent. Catholic University of Valparaiso
President. School of Economics. University of Chile
Class President. High School. Colegio San Ignacio
President. Catholic Youth Association. San Cresente. Santiago
Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) University of Wisconsin, 1974-1976 Major Field: Natural Resources, Environment and Economic Development Minor Field: International Trade and Finance
Master Science (M.Sc.) University of Wisconsin and University of Rhode Island, 1973-1974 Major Field: Resource Economics, Agricultural Economics
Commercial Engineer University of Chile, 1965-1970 Major Field: Macro Economics and Monetary Policy
Bachelor Degree (B.A.) University of Chile, 1965-1970 Major Field: Economics
Spanish (mother tongue)
Born: Santiago de Chile, September 26, 1947
Family: Three children: Alfredo Alejandro, Maria Jose and Maria Francisca
Lifetime Ambassador of Peace (2001)
World Healer Award (2002)
The Messenger of Peace (2002)
Social Corporate Responsibility Award (2003)
The 2003 Peace, Merci and Tolerance Award (2003)
The Person Of The Year, World Ass. Of Retired Persons, NYC (2004)
Cho Tab Khen Zambuling-World Healer (2005)
The Diamond Peace Award 2005. Graz, Austria
The Peace, Mercy and Tolerance Award, World Ass. Educators for Peace
Doctorate in Science, International Free University for Alternative Medicine